Pierre-Auguste Renoir (1841-1919) was a French painter and one of the leading figures in the Impressionist movement. He took night courses in drawing at the École des Beaux-Artsand and studied at the studio of Charles Cleyre where he befriended Alfred Sisley, Claude Monet and Frederic Bazille. In 1874 and 1876 he participated in the first Impressionist exhibitions at Paris’ Salon gallery. While the exhibitions received harsh reviews they succeeded in challenging the dominance of the Salon at that time.
Renoir chose to distance himself from the ideas of Impressionism during the 1870s after a trip to Italy left him inspired by the Renaissance works he saw while there. Towards the end of his life he suffered from severe rheumatoid arthritis but continued to paint, tying a paintbrush to his hands after his fingers ceased to be able to grip the brush.
Musée d’Orsay, Paris
The Museum of Modern Art, New York
Hermitage Museum, St. Petersburg
The National Gallery, London